Methotrexate is one of the treatment options that is available for those who experience persistent outbreaks of eczema.
It works by slowing the production of new cells within the body. The medication falls into a class known as a "disease-modifying drug", and it works to stop your body's immune system from responding to adverse reactions, and also helps to stop inflammation from occurring within different areas of the body, including the skin.
While higher amounts of the drug are used to treat certain types of cancer, the drug was found to be effective in lower amounts for treating certain skin conditions, such as eczema.
Eczema is caused by your body having an excess amount of cells on the external layer, which causes it to react to different allergens differently than those who have the standard levels. When this drug is used for eczema, its ability to stop the reproduction of cells within the body can reduce the amount of breakouts that do occur.
Also, when you have an outbreak occur, it affects the body's immune system, which can also be prevented with the use of methotrexate.
The actual eczema flare-up that occurs is caused by inflammation of the skin. Therefore, when the drug is effective in stopping the inflammation, the amount of flare-ups that do occur can be reduced or eliminated completely.
Methotrexate is often taken orally, and the drug will begin to take effect within 3 to 12 weeks. It takes some time for the drug to build up within your body. Once it has begun to take effect, the drug will continue to be effective for the time frame that you take it.
In unique cases injections can be given. The medication is taken once per week, and should always be taken on the same day. The doctor who prescribes you this medication will be able to tell you how to take the drug, and why everyday use must be avoided.
When taken in its oral form, methotrexate should always be taken whole, and eating food prior to taking the drug will help to prevent any side effects that can occur.
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